What is Bija-Amrutha?
Bija-Amrutha is a deshi cow based product. For “Vidhai Nerthi” or seed treatment, for some seeds it is used in the form of a solution and for some others it is used in powdery form.
Bija-Amrutha contains, fresh desh cow dung, aged komiyam, small quantity of limestone or limepowder, handful of soil and adequate water.
The objective of Bija-Amrutha is to neutralise the the antigerminating alfa toxins that are found in the outer layer of the various seeds.
By following this method we avoid application of dangerous toxic substances like bevastine, agrimysin, etc which are normally used in the inorganic way of cultivation. These chemicals are very dangerous to the soil. These chemicals when used regularly disturbs and destroys the microbial activity of the soil
How do you prepare Bija-Amrutha?
Water 20 litres
Deshi Cow Komiyum 5 litres
Deshi Fresh Cow Dung 5 Kilos
Lime 50 grams
Soil from your farm land 100 grams
Mix them well in the evening and keep them in a cool and dry place overnight and the mixture is ready for use immediately there after.
What is Jiva-Amrutha?
Jivaarutha is a solution prepared by the farmer with the help of Komiyam, Fresh Deshi Cow Dung, Jaggery, flour of pulses dissolved in adequate water. Such a solution is permitted to achieve adequate level of fermentation over a period of four to five days. During this period the microbial activity in the solution multiplies several times. Application of this solution on a regular interval of 7 days increases the microbial activity in the soil and brings back the lost humus. The increased microbial activity and humus in the soil will mobilise and make available the different macro and micro nutrients in the soil and enable the plants to uptake them efficiently.
How do you prepare Jiva-Amrutha?
200 litres of water
10 Kilos of fresh Deshi Cow Dung
5 to 10 litres of aged Deshi Cow Komeyum (Cow Urine)
2 Kilograms of Jaggery
2 Kilograms of any pulses in flour form
100 grams of soil from your farm land
Mix them well in any vessel or tank except copper vessel. Cover the mouth with a cloth to permit release of methane. Stir the solution thrice a day. Keep it under shade in a cool and dry place. Continue the process for 4 days. Now Jiva-Amrutha is ready for use
Filter the solution if you have to make foliar application
How to use Jiva-Amrutha?
First method of application is for increasing the humus of the soil.
For this you need to apply 200 litres to 400 litres per acre of this solution when you water your field
For soil application you need not filter the prepared solution
You must apply this solution with 4 to 5 days of preparation of the solution
Is there any other use for Jiva-Amrutha?
Yes, you can apply it to all types of crops through the foliar way in addition to soil application.
For foliar application, you need to filter the prepared solution.
You need to dilute the prepared solution and spray the same during evening hours or during the first hour of sunrise
How do you dilute the Jiva-Amrutha for foliar application and when do you make foliar application on plants with life upto 120 days
Take 100 litres of water and add 5 litres of the filtered Jiva Amrutha and mix the same well and spray the same and drench the plant completely 30 days after sowing of the seeds;
30 days after this first foliar application, take 150 litres of water add 10 litres of Jiva-Amrutha and spray the same to drench the plants completely;
30 days after the second application, take 200 litres of water and add 20 litres of Jiva-Amrutham and spray the same to drench the plants completely;
At the time of seed formation ie. Palpikum paruvathil, take 200 lites of water and 5 litres of sour buttermilk and stir the solution well and drench the plants completely
How to dilute and make foliar application of Jiva-Amrutha on plants with life upto 180 days
In the first phase take 100 litres of water and add 5 litres of filtered Jiva-Amrutham and spray to the plants on the 30th day of sowing;
In the second phase take 150 litres of water and add 10 litres of filtered Jiva-Amrutham and spray on the plants 30 days after the first phase of spraying;
In the third phase take 200 litres of water and add 20 litres of Jiva-Amrutham and spray in such a way that you fully drench the plants, this should be done on the 30th day after 2nd phase;
On the fourth phase, take 200 litres of water and add 5 litres of sour buttermilk and stir the solution well and spray the same on the plants so as to drench the plants; the fourth phase should be done 30 days from 3rd phase;
On the fifth phase, take 200 litres of water and add Sapthadanya add ten litres of Komeyum and leave it for 24 hour in a cool dry plance and filter this solution and spray so as to drench the plants well. This fifth phase should be done 30 days from fourth phase.
How to use Jiva-Amrutha on plants with one year life cycle?
On the 30th day of planting take 100 litres of water and add 5 litres of filtered Jiva-Amrutham and spray it on the plants;
On the 60th day of planting take 150 litres of water and add 10 litres of filtered Jiva-Amrutham and spray the same on the plants;
On the 90th day of planting take 200 litres of water and add 20 litres of filtered Jiva-Amrutham and spray the same on the plants;
On the 120th day of planting take 200 litres of water and add 20 litres of Jiva-Amrutham and spray the same on the plants;
On the 150th day of planting take 200 litres of water and add 5 litres of Sour Butter Milk and spray the same on the plants;
On the 180th day of planting take 200 litres of water and add 20 litres of filtered Jiva-Amrutham and spray the same on the plants
How to use Jiva-Amrutha on plants with life cycle of one year and over continued
On the 210th day take 200 litres of water and add 2 litres of Matured Coconut water and stir the solution and spray the same on the plants;
On the 240th day take 200 litres of water and add 20 litres of filtered Jiva-Amrutham and spray the same on the plants;
On the 240th day take 200 litres of water add Saptha Dhanyakura Arka and spray the same on the plants.
What is Saptha Dhanyakura Arka?
Saptha Dhanyakura Arka is a formulation of protein rich cereals and white seaseme seeds. This is helps in increasing the yield of the plants very substantially when sprays on the plants at the time of flowering on fruit plants and at the time of formation of seeds on paddy, groundnut, etc. The application of this is on foliar basis.
How to prepare Saptha Dhanyakura Arka?
• 100 gram Blackgram
• 100 gram Greenmung
• 100 gram Cowpea
• 100 gram Horsegram
• 100 gram Bengalgram
• 100 gram Deshi Wheat or Ragi
• 100 gram White Sesame
Soak the Whitesesame separately over night and keep it separately.
On the 600 grams of dhanya add just sufficient water to soak it for some time and then tie it in a cloth to permit it to germinate sufficiently. Upon germination, make this into a paste. Grind the sesame into a paste and mix them both.
This quantity is sufficient to spray once for one acre. Ofcourse, you have to follow the method of recommended dilution to spray this paste. (Jiwamirutha spraying method).
Is there any other hormonal treatment in the Zero Budget Natural farming method?
Yes, another method to increase the yield in plants is to prepare a buttermilk of five litres, keep the same for one week. Then mix it in 200 litres of water and spray the same at the time of seed formation for paddy, groundnut, etc. This will help in increasing the yield significantly.
Have we to prepare Jiva-Amrutham every time or do we have a method to make them in bulk and store them?
Yes, you can prepare Ghana Jiva-Amrutham in bulk and dry the same and mix the same in water and use where ever you want. Such well dried Ghana Jiva-Amrutha has a shelf life of 180 days
To prepare Ghana Jiva-Amrutha take:
100 kilograms of Fresh Deshi Cow Dung
2 Kilograms of Jaggery
2 kilograms of flour of pulses
Add small quantity of aged Komiyum such that the mixture will become like a halwa. Mix this composition very well and dry them in shade. Once they are dry powder them finely with your hands and use them when needed
Proactive plant protection the zero budget way
The plant protection can be achieved on a proactive way by strengthening the plant, the zero budget way. To achieve this follow this practice:-
For all plants take 10 litres of Jiva-Amrutha and dilute the same in 200 liters of water and spray the same on plants starting 25 days of sowing, once every three weeks. This will help the plants stronger and stronger plants are more likely to resist the disease attack.
On all plants remember to spray the solution of Sour buttermilk mixed with water just before the stage of palpidikal or the stage of maturity. This will help in preventing disease setting on young fruits and ensure yeild is not lost to disease creators.